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InicioDestacadosLa primera bandera del Perú solo tuvo una vigencia de 17 meses

La primera bandera del Perú solo tuvo una vigencia de 17 meses

Investigación Ítalo Sifuentes Alemán 21/10/2021

El sábado 25 de agosto de 1821, casi al mes siguiente de la proclamación de la independencia nacional, se publicó en la ‘Gaceta de Gobierno de Lima Independiente’ el decreto de creación de la primera bandera del Perú republicano, el cual había sido firmado por el general José de San Martín el 21 de octubre del año anterior, a casi seis semanas (8 de setiembre) de haber desembarcado en Paracas el Ejército Libertador.
Esta primera bandera fue la que los peruanos independentistas y sus aliados de Argentina, Chile y de otras nacionalidades, que combatieron por la libertad peruana, portaron hasta marzo de 1822, fecha en que el Supremo Delegado del Perú, Bernardo de Tagle, la reemplazó de manera provisional en tanto San Martín se disponía a participar en Guayaquil de una reunión con Simón Bolívar (lo que ocurrió el 26 y 27 de julio de dicho año).
De este modo, desde la fecha de dicho decreto, 21 de octubre de 1820, hasta marzo de 1822, la primera bandera peruana tuvo una vigencia de 17 meses.
La creación de la tercera bandera peruana, también realizada por Bernardo de Tagle, ocurrió en mayo de 1822. La cuarta bandera del Perú fue creada en 1825, durante el gobierno de Simón Bolívar. La quinta y actual bandera nacional fue creada en 1950, durante el gobierno del general Manuel Odría.
A continuación, la transcripción del decreto de San Martín creando la primera bandera del Perú:
“”EL EXCM SR DON JOSÉ DE SAN MARTÍN, CAPITÁN GENERAL Y EN JEFE DEL EJÉRCITO LIBERTADOR DEL PERÚ, GRAN OFICIAL DE LA LEGIÓN DE MÉRITO DE CHILE &c. &c. &c. Por cuanto es incompatible con la independencia del Perú la conservación de los símbolos que recuerdan el dilatado tiempo de su opresión. Por tanto, he venido a decretar y decreto lo siguiente:
1. Se adoptará por bandera nacional del país una seda o lienzo de ocho pies de largo y seis de ancho, dividida por líneas diagonales en cuatro campos, blancos los dos de los extremos superior e inferior, y encarnados los laterales, con una corona de laurel ovalada y dentro de ella un sol, saliendo por detrás de las sierras escarpadas que se elevan sobre un mar tranquilo.
2. El escudo puede ser pintado, o bordado, pero conservando cada objeto sus colores: a saber, las coronas de laurel ha de ser verde y atada en su parte inferior con una cinta de color de oro, azul la parte superior que representa el firmamento, amarillo el sol y sus rayos, las montañas de un color pardo oscuro, y el mar entre azul y verde.
3. Todos los habitantes de las Provincias del Perú que están bajo la protección del Ejército Libertador usarán como escarapela nacional, una bicolor de blanco y encarnado: el primero en la parte inferior y el segundo en la superior.
4. Lo dispuesto en los dos artículos anteriores sólo tendrá fuerza y vigor, hasta que se establezca en el Perú un Gobierno General por la voluntad libre de sus habitantes.
Dado en el Cuartel General del Ejército Libertador del Perú en Pisco a 21 de octubre de 1820. 1°- José de San Martín. -Juan García del Río”.

 

Imagen: PERÚ BICENTENARIO. 

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